BIM or Building Information Modeling is the process of creating and managing the information model for the realization of a project, through which you can create, analyze and manage virtual models very close to the real ones.
It starts from the creation of a 3D design intelligent model, through the use of specific software, which contains from beginning a whole series of information about the building or its parts. The data contained in the model are numerous as they define all the information regarding a specific component of a building. The most commonly collected information in a BIM project relate to the geographical location, geometry, material properties and the technical elements, the position of the territory, solar and shading study, the phases of construction, maintenance. The information may relate to the entire life cycle of the building construction, from the design phase to the operation and maintenance, through to the implementation phase.
Working in Bim means to know in detail the project in its entirety and in all its aspects.
BIM technology helps to streamline architecture processes and to optimize the workflow of the various actors involved in the design of manufactured housing; the information is coordinated and consistent, resulting in efficiency of the entire life cycle of the project.A well-organized BIM project allows the reduction of errors and omissions in the design documents, reduces the time for the changes in the process, allows a quick check of each element.
The Designer is back, finally, to have complete control of the project and can remain focused on key aspects of own work, in the certainty that the project information will be automatically updated.
The BIM can also help to improve planning, forecasting and cost control of projects, simplifying some aspects such as visualization, simulation, sharing and communication between the different actors.
Design in BIM means to allow the Customer to participate in every stage of the design process, sharing, from the outset, choices, objectives and modalities.
Design in BIM provides an approach from the particular to the general, it means being able to use the knowledge of the details of construction which are derived from knowledge of the site and from personal experience, transposing them into the project.The use of BIM opens up new forms of collaboration at a distance, by means of simple strategies that allow you to work more hands on one project by checking the properties of the elements.
The story of our approach to BIM dates back to 2003, when it was felt more strongly the need to modify the design process.
The three-dimensional model as a point of arrival of the project, subject to “show”, was not enough. We felt the need to verify immediately the three-dimensional model by relating it to the area, checking interferences and solar exposure.
Initially, the requirements were basic:
- More control over the project
- From 3D to 2D and not the opposite
- Facilitate the relationship with the customer at low cost
- Improve the display and presentation of projects to Public Bodies
We therefore started with the testing of the software on a pilot project in 2004, a residential project built
with complex roofing, discovering the potential very quickly and almost immediately and completely abandoning the CAD
We started out by self-taught, with little information, hewing and refining hand to hand techniques, until you get the desired result, taking into account the high quality standards required by the artistic culture of base.
The time in Italy was not yet ripe for the BIM, we had an almost pioneering role, where it was vital the support of the forum and our technology partner and the consultations with international portals.
The use of BIM has improved the relationship with the Client.
Since then, the training is continuous, the Team takes a lot of energy in the studio for the best use of the software. Many of the elements used are created directly. Every spare moment is used as an opportunity to study, create, experiment and improve. Our study uses the BIM at every stage of the project, from the design stage to the final one, executive and detail, including the drawing boards of the units for sale, then we complete with various graphic techniques.
Even the most basic dossier is developed in BIM. In fact, there is nothing that can not be achieved in BIM.
Even projects that arise on DWG basis are approached with profit with BIM. The technical skills are in charge of each component of the study, interchangeably.
In the studio grew and formed many young BIM advanced user who currently hold prominent jobs in major BIM-oriented studies in Milan.
In these ten years, moreover, has formed a network of relationships among Revit users “Power User”
allowing each other to overcome any kind of difficulty.
Because of the pioneering experience of the firm was often invited to conferences on BIM to present some “case history” of our projects developed entirely in Revit. Unlike the DWG world, whose knowledge for 20 years remained almost unchanged, the world’s BIM skills are the result of constant updating, evolving that does not allow stopovers or temporary stops, requiring a strong commitment, which is repaid from the project.
Benefits from the use of BIM in particular the implementation phase; it is not uncommon observation of the Foreman who is surprised of the total correspondence between the designed and built, often the “as built” final match centimeter with the project. Another observation is the usual feeling of “déjà vu” for those who have participated in the preparation of the project in BIM when he walks into the building built, where each element is the already known and familiar with the feeling of moving in a virtual reality become real.
BIM is a project carried out in a simulation model constructed.
Studies pre-project: The project area is initially positioned correctly on the territory, geographic location and placed immediately in connection with the final terms of the surroundings (on the linked file you will find the specific situation of the status quo or future project of the surroundings expanded, to assess its relationship with the project). You will be able to investigate the data better exposure, the best views, road conditions, the relationship with the existing, more suited to the heights, etc. Design Studies: initial studies are carried out with the use of conceptual modeling through the use of the “masses,” three-dimensional volumes by slotting that, when questioned, give answers in terms of size (area covered, total volume, surface area on each floor of floor). These data will serve as a basis for the development of the project.
Project definition: the conceptual volumes already defined and shared with the Client becomes the basis for the construction of the building. BIM in the design environment is no longer based on two-dimensional representations, but works through element models: model of wall, floor beams, scale of windows, etc. to build the model of the building for further definitions, where the element already contains a lot of information.
In this first phase, the information contained in the project are sufficient but can be implemented and changed in the course of work until the final draft. A well set up BIM project may change without contraindications. For example, the walls generally defined at the beginning of the project can be modified to reflect fully the packages defined by the Designer Termotecnico also in the next step. Will always need careful management and high skills. Or the project may undergo modifications of the tax or of the heights of the plan, without causing damage.
The project can be immediately checked dimensionally through the use of schemes of areas and schedules. May for example be verified the size of the cuts of the units to respond to the mix typological requested by the clients. The premises themselves are calibrated and verified on the demands of regulations and guidelines.
E ‘possible to verify the views of the premises, identify possible solutions variant, create alternative solutions with groups
With the creation of the “groups” you can bring the information back to the same size of apartment, also rotated, mirrored, translated To, placed at different levels; simply change one of the groups to also update the other.
The project documentation (the project tables) can be arranged for time, in the tranquility that will always be up to date. No longer do you need to in fact prepare the tables at the end of the project, but the same can be prepared from the outset, by the standards of the study, with the necessary preliminary settings. The presentation in the City benefits from particular way of BIM. In less than a day we were able to prepare all the documents for verification of landscape impact with the comparison between the status quo and the project is two-dimensional (elevation) and three-dimensional (views from different angles) through the use of models view. Of course, compared to a previous careful work and constantly updated. The implementation phase is the phase that perhaps more than any benefits of BIM with a quick response and proper documentation for the yard.
In particular, the coordination between the different disciplines (architectural, structural, engineering, firemen, security, etc) is facilitated.
In the architectural design will find all the information derived from other disciplines, enabling the verification of interference and limiting errors or misunderstandings. The project will, therefore, all the elements, as well as transmitted in the study. Of course this means you will not be eligible for the exchange of sections on the fly in the yard, but he gains the whole production process. In addition, each change leaves a trail always be identified.
Each change is reflected on the project.
The final delivery, “as built” does not differ from the project ORIGINATING, with any changes made during construction and easily become the basis for the later stages (land registry entries, sales literature, etc.)